武汉茶友论坛：Summary： South Korea’s food conservation, “emission reduction” and “recycling” both hands
Summary: South Korea’s food conservation, “emission reduction” and “recycling” both hands
Seoul, November 4th Summary: Korea’s food conservation “emission reduction” and “recycling” are both hands-on
Reporter Tian Ming Lu Rui
in Korea,”Frugality to nurture virtue” has always been regarded as the creed of educating children by many families.But with economic and social development,Coupled with factors such as a well-developed dining culture and miniaturization of families,Food waste has gradually become a major problem in Korea.
According to the latest data released by the Korea Rural Economic Research Institute,From 2015 to 2018,South Korea’s annual food self-sufficiency rate is about 23%.Well below 101.5% of the world average.But in terms of diet,South Korea’s food waste problem is more serious.The latest statistics provided by the Ministry of Environment of South Korea to reporters recently showed thatSouth Korea’s average daily food waste discharge in 2019 was as high as 14,753 tons.Relative to the total population of about 50 million,This emission is obviously high.
The relevant person in charge of the Resource Recycling Policy Bureau of the Ministry of Environment of South Korea, Shen Zhongguo, said in an interview with reporters a few days ago,There are many reasons for the large amount of kitchen waste in Korea.such as,In terms of food culture,Whether you eat at home or entertain guests in Korea,They all emphasize a good meal,There must be surplus meals; at the same time,The gathering culture is popular in Korea,Late marriages and fewer children have led to an increasingly prominent Korean family’s miniaturization.These problems have objectively caused an increase in food waste year by year.
In response to the uncontrolled discharge of kitchen waste,The South Korean government has frequently introduced relevant policies since the end of the last century.Since 1997,South Korea has begun to experiment in some areas to implement a policy that prohibits direct landfill of food waste.Require the public to separate kitchen waste and general household waste; in 1998,“Large emitters” of food waste such as school canteens and external catering facilities have begun to comply with government requirements.Regularly obligate to submit a reduction plan for food waste; in 2013,The “quantity system” of kitchen waste discharge has been implemented,The government began to charge people for the discharge of kitchen waste according to the amount of disposal.
but,The above-mentioned efforts do not seem to have achieved the effect of “slamming the brakes” on food waste in Korea.According to data from the Ministry of Environment,From 2016 to 2019, Korean kitchen waste emissions are still increasing year by year.In four years, the average daily increase in emissions reached 364 tons.Shen Zhongjiu believes,One of the reasons for this problem is that people’s living habits are not easy to change in the short term.
“therefore,In addition to efforts to reduce emissions,We are also exploring new directions for work.For example, find ways to’turn waste into treasure’.”According to Shen Zhongjiu,Another direction of the Korean government’s food waste treatment is through the construction of comprehensive food waste treatment facilities.Develop a circular economy.
He showed reporters a set of data: As of March 2019,A total of 338 kitchen waste recycling and treatment facilities have been built in South Korea.The amount of kitchen waste that can be recycled has reached an average of 13,760 tons per day.among them,About 6568 tons of kitchen waste are used to produce dry and wet feed every day.3706 tons are used to produce fertilizer,2008 tons are used to produce bio-natural gas.
In Shen Zhongjiu’s view,There are two advantages in carrying out the integrated treatment of food waste: one is to protect the environment; on the other hand,The classified kitchen waste is recycled as a resource,It can also produce good economic benefits,”therefore,The current policy of (emission reduction and recycling) is very meaningful.”