武汉sz和sn什么意思：Russian Mi-28NM helicopter will have drone launch function
Russian Mi-28NM helicopter will have drone launch function
Not long ago,According to Itar News,The Russian Mi-28NM gunship will be installed with modules developed by the Zaslon Research Center,Later, it will have the ability to launch micro drones and suicide drones from the missile launch tube.It is reported that,This module contains weapon programming tools,The crew can charge, activate, and launch the drone through simple programming and allow it to perform pre-set tasks.With the assistance of drones,What special abilities will the Mi-28NM have?How will the future air combat style change?
“Super Night Hunter”-Mi-28NM
“Super Night Hunter” is constantly upgrading,To adapt to modern information operations.The Mi-28N gunship, the predecessor of the Mi-28NM,It is the only special ability that can fly around terrain day and night at ultra-low altitude,It is famous among the world’s armed helicopters.Compared to Mi-28N,Mi-28NM not only inherits the ability of Mi-28N to provide fire assistance and anti-tank to ground forces,It can also carry out precision strikes, reconnaissance and artillery firing missions.From the appearance,The original “Mickey Mouse nose” (nozzle radar antenna fairing) of the Mi-28N was abandoned,This will expand the field of vision of Mi-28NM pilots.In addition, Mi-28NM has been greatly improved in the photoelectric system, target designation system, weapon system, and power system.
The new photoelectric system can independently detect enemy targets.Mi-28NM’s onboard electronics have been completely updated,Equipped with a new reconnaissance system, photoelectric turret and blind landing system.Mi-28NM can not only strike the target independently,It can also transmit the coordinates of the ground and air targets identified by the search to the ground and air command post.The Russian Ramansky Instrument Design Bureau has also developed radio equipment for commanding UAVs for the Mi-28NM.Many photoelectric detection systems of Mi-28NM can be linked with the pilot’s helmet sighting system,Greatly improve the situational awareness of Mi-28NM.
The biggest highlight of Mi-28NM is its target indication system.This system is a new head-mounted target designation system developed by the Russian Radio Electronic Technology Group.Its head-mounted device is equipped to detect changes in the position of the pilot’s head,And adjust the display position of the information accordingly,All necessary information can be displayed directly in front of the pilot.At night and in low visibility conditions,The head-mounted device will also project and display the thermal image display and terrain composite image from the night vision goggles.Through this headset,The pilot can not only get real-time data, terrain, target and weapon system information of the helicopter,It can also analyze the battlefield situation autonomously and make quick decisions through this system,Reduced the difficulty for pilots to obtain battlefield situation information,Greatly shorten the time for pilots to judge and make decisions,Thereby speeding up the execution speed of the OODA loop,Make it possible to complete the strike against the enemy target before the enemy unit reacts.
The weapon system is equipped with a new type of missile.Mi-28NM is compatible with launching missiles carried by Mi-28 series helicopters.Also has a new killer.It will be equipped with a new “Product 305” long-range air-to-surface missile,Through the use of compound guidance,Realize the control of “people in the loop”,The missile has a range of up to 25 kilometers.The Mi-28NM helicopter is also equipped with a new R-74M air-to-air missile,Able to hit aerial targets 40 kilometers away,It is not affected by any weather conditions when attacking the target.The missile is equipped with an automatic guided missile head,Not easily affected by electronic jamming equipment and decoy bombs,It can strike against fifth-generation fighters such as F-35 and F-22.
The power system is strong and powerful.Mi-28NM has also been replaced with a VK-2500P turboshaft engine produced by Russia’s Klimov company.Not only is the power more powerful than the TV3-117VMA used by the Mi-28 and Mi-28N armed helicopters,Reliability is also better.The VK-2500P turboshaft engine uses a more advanced FADEC control system,The engine thrust in emergency power mode has been increased from 2700 horsepower to 2800 horsepower,The thrust in the take-off state is increased from 2400 horsepower to 2500 horsepower,The service life of the engine before the overhaul was extended by a third.The engine also has a fire protection function,Increased the reliability of Mi-28NM in hot climate areas and high mountain areas,Strengthened its combat capability under denial conditions.
Mi-28NM has outstanding capabilities,Can carry drones for coordinated operations
Excellent performance under refusal conditions,Favored by the Russian army.Mi-28NM, as Russia’s main battle helicopter,After this modification and upgrade, it will have a more deadly threat to the enemy.This is also due to its advanced information system,One is a high-resolution millimeter-wave radar system mounted on the top of the rotor hub,With detection and fire control functions,It can also assist the navigation system for positioning; the second is the optical system including the forward-looking infrared (FLIR) system, low-light-level TV, laser rangefinder, helmet target indicator, occupant night vision goggles, etc.Can find the target at night,And transmit the information to the pilot in real time.In addition,Its special terrain tracking system,It can ensure that the helicopter sticks to the ground and automatically maintains a high flight.Avoid the dense air defense firepower of the enemy,Avoid dangerous obstacles,The minimum flight altitude is only 5 meters.The extremely strong combat capability of the Mi-28NM and its excellent performance under refusal conditions are deeply loved by the Russian military.
Drone collaboration,Improve combat effectiveness.As an armed helicopter, the Mi-28NM does not have the flight and climb speed of fighter jets such as Su-27.But with the inherent mobility of armed helicopters and the ability to not be restricted by terrain,Then conduct reconnaissance and information transmission through the drone group launched by it,And equipped with advanced reconnaissance systems,Make the Mi-28NM’s ability in actual combat more prominent.In terms of operational efficiency,Compared with Russian fighter jets fighting in groups,Mi-28NM and UAVs work together,Just a few pilots can perform the mission,Have flexibility; in terms of combat capability,The suicide drone launched by it can simultaneously strike multiple targets of the enemy,Increase combat efficiency,Can also be grouped,Hit the same target in different directions,Increase the damage rate,When fighting in the air and performing ground strike missions,This will pose a deadly threat to enemy targets.
Sky fortress,high degree of automation.The powerful mounting capability of Mi-28NM enables it to carry more drones and missiles,By conducting remote operations on the edge of the battlefield,On the one hand, by mounting drones, the Mi-28NM, which originally had a strong armor protection capability,The battlefield survivability is further improved,Become a veritable “sky fortress”; on the other hand,The instrument built into the helicopter module can transmit information from the weapon control system of the helicopter to the mounted weapon.Whether it is a missile, a micro drone or a suicide drone.E.g,It can charge the drone’s battery,Send activation instructions,Start the drone and let it perform pre-set tasks,And under the coordinated operation of the Russian military’s automated control system,Mi-28NM can better understand the battlefield situation,Maximize combat efficiency.
“Mi-28NM” may change the future air combat mode
The importance of UAV operations has become increasingly prominent.With the development of UAV technology and the proposal of new combat concepts,Combine manned aircraft and drones into a mixed formation,Or large-scale UAV operations have become the research focus of air forces of various countries in recent years.The U.S. military’s previously studied drone combat plans such as the “Swarm”,Perform offensive and defensive operations through large-scale drones,By using a large number of drone swarms,Flexible formation,Block the enemy’s defense channel or consume a large amount of enemy defense resources,Greatly improve the system’s penetration capability.
But compared to the US military’s swarm plan,The Russian military’s use of UAVs focuses more on the effectiveness of UAVs in coordinating with the combat system to perform strike tasks.When “Mi-28NM” is performing combat missions,Relatively slow,Easy to find,Although the lower height makes it easy to escape the surveillance of the air defense system,But the huge noise caused by the rotor and the large target itself,Easily found by the enemy’s eyes or photoelectric equipment.Although the “Mi-28NM” has enhanced armor protection,It can effectively resist the blow of ammunition with caliber below 20mm and even armor-piercing projectile.But “the gun is easy to hide,Secret arrows are hard to defend”,The complex environment on the modern battlefield still poses a great challenge to the survivability of the “Mi-28NM”.The newly transformed Mi-28NM has the ability to launch drones.It combines with micro drones that can search for and destroy enemy targets,It can make the manned helicopter survive more effectively on the battlefield.At the same time, the pilot uses the photoelectric equipment on the drone toCan get more information from a relatively safe distance,Further enhance the detection capabilities of the helicopter,On the other hand, it can launch suicide drones,Suicide drones can be exchanged for more damage to enemy units at the least cost.
In future operations,”Mi-28NM” can carry micro drones and suicide drones to forward positions,Combine the launch of micro drones and suicide drones,Micro drones and suicide drones fly into enemy defense zones in formation,The target is automatically recognized by the micro drone,Can guide suicide drones to attack enemy targets,Then you can realize intelligent inspection.More importantly,The powerful mounting capability of “Mi-28NM” can carry multiple groups of micro drones and suicide drones for distributed inspection and attack in formations.Further expand the scope and efficiency of investigation and strike.in the future,UAV combat will become a new type of combat style,The module developed by Zaslon Research Center is not only designed for Mi-28NM,In the future, it can be used in Mi-28 and Ka-52,And Mi-8 armed helicopters.Its special weapon programming tools combined with smart weapons will become a major killer of the Russian army on the battlefield in the future.(Wu Teng, Xie Huaze, Ding Xinxin, Zhang Zixing, Zhang Ming)