Do you often hear such health concepts as “drink more water when you have nothing to do”, “8 glasses of water every day, health and health preservation” and so on? But do you know? Drinking too much water may lead to “poisoning”! Recently, Aunt Wang, 50 years old, felt unwell, so she drank more than 6000 ml of boiled water in two hours! Then Aunt Wang felt more and more uncomfortable, not only dizzy, nausea, body also more and more heavy, finally, the limbs began to twitch, resulting in coma, Aunt Wang was sent to the people’s Hospital of Henan Province,
immediately was issued a critical notice (photo source: Internet) “this may be water poisoning.” “If the treatment is not timely, Ms. Wang’s nervous system will be permanently damaged, and more serious will lead to death.” The results showed that the electrolyte in Ms. Wang’s body had been in disorder, with low potassium and low sodium, and the osmotic pressure was lower than normal. What is “water poisoning”? How much water can ordinary people drink to be healthy? 01:13 (Liu Yi, deputy chief physician of Emergency Medicine Department of Zhengzhou Yihe Hospital Affiliated to Henan University), once the “water poisoning” patients
themselves will appear a series of symptoms, which can cause serious death, then what symptoms of “water poisoning” will appear? What should patients do after the occurrence of “water poisoning”? (Liu Yi, deputy chief physician of Emergency Medicine Department of Zhengzhou Yihe Hospital Affiliated to Henan University) once someone is found to be water poisoning, light patients should reduce water intake in a short period of time to alleviate symptoms; severe patients must be sent to the hospital in time, and pay attention not to drink water again. In addition, patients with water poisoning will have different symptoms, should put the patient flat,
can avoid accidental injury caused by symptoms, but also provides a more appropriate position for treatment. As a normal person, each person should supplement 1500 to 3000 ml of water every day. The speed of water supplement should not be too fast. The three basic principles for normal drinking water are: multiple, small amount, slow drinking! First, timely supplement of salt. Drink some light salt water appropriately, in order to supplement the inorganic salt which the human body excretes in large quantities. This can not only supplement the needs of the body, but also prevent electrolyte disorder.
Second, drink a small amount of water many times. When thirsty can not be a fierce drink, should be divided into several times, and each time a small amount of drinking, in order to facilitate human absorption. 100 ml to 150 ml is suitable for each time, and the interval is half an hour. Third, avoid drinking “ice” water. Summer temperature is high, people’s body temperature is also high, drink a lot of cold drinks easy to cause digestive system diseases, it is best not to drink drinks below 5 ℃. Crazy exercise brings about “myolysis”. In the interview, the reporter learned that in addition to this rare “water poisoning”, Zhao Zhanzheng, President of the kidney hospital of zhengdayi Affiliated Hospital, also received a patient with muscle lysis due to excessive exercise. Ms. Liu, a 27 year old sports expert, works out in the gym for two hours every day. Later,
when she went to the toilet, she found that her urine was Tan, so she rushed to the kidney disease hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. After examination, she was diagnosed with “rhabdomyolysis.”. What is “rhabdomyolysis syndrome”? Zhao Zhanzheng said, this is a kind of disease that causes kidney damage because of toxic substances produced by muscle cells, commonly known as “myolysis”. He said there are three types of muscles in the human body: cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and skeletal muscle. The myocardium and skeletal muscle are striated. And rhabdomyolysis usually occurs in skeletal muscles associated with our body movements. “Rhabdomyolysis usually occurs when muscles are severely impacted, long-term compressed or overused, resulting in rhabdomyolysis, changes in cell membrane integrity, leakage of cell contents (such as myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), small molecular substances, etc.), and is often accompanied by acute renal failure and metabolic disorders.” Zhao Zhanzheng said that it is worth noting that rhabdomyolysis may be caused by compression of muscles in fixed positions, excessive exercise, high-voltage electric shock, general spasm, insect bites, burns or being crushed by heavy objects, and some adverse drug reactions. Zhao Zhanzheng introduced that the typical “triad syndrome” of rhabdomyolysis is myalgia,
fatigue and dark urine. In the diagnosis process, creatine kinase is the most sensitive indicator to reflect muscle cell injury, and its level can also reflect the prognosis. “Patients should be treated in time after symptoms appear to avoid progression to renal failure or even multiple organ failure.” At the same time, Zhao Zhanzheng reminds people who love sports to exercise step by step and according to their ability. They should not carry out intensive exercise in high heat and humidity environment, and avoid excessive exercise to oppress muscles. After exercise, the right amount of water and salt supplement, develop good exercise habits; at the same time, can choose a variety of sports, avoid muscle fatigue. How to judge whether the water is enough? A very intuitive method of urine observation. In addition, drink water to drink in small mouthfuls. Don’t pour 200ml of water at once. The amount of water supplement should not be too fast. Generally speaking, it should not exceed the excretion rate of kidney (0.7l-1l per hour). Otherwise, it is easy to increase the burden of kidney and heart discomfort