What to do with skin burns-what are the dietary taboos for skin burns-
What should I do if my skin burns?What are the dietary taboos for skin burns?
What should I do if my skin burns?What are the dietary taboos for skin burns?We may have some small accidents in our daily life,Such as accidentally being knocked or scalded by boiling water,If our skin gets burned accidentally,Failure to deal with it in time will bring many sequelae.Will leave scars,Seriously affect the patient’s appearance,Then,What should I do if my skin burns?What are the dietary taboos?
1. How to deal with the scald urgently
If we accidentally get burned in our daily life,Never take off the jacket soaked in hot water gently immediately,When taking off, remember to use scissors to cut the clothes.Don’t just pull it hard,This will easily cause our skin to come off together with the skin,Worse.
If clothing and skin are stuck together,First cut off the unadhered clothes.The adhered parts go to the hospital for treatment,Do not pull or take off forcefully,So as not to increase the local trauma area.
If it is a burn on the hands and feet,Rinse immediately with running water,And soak in cold boiling water or clean cold water for 30 minutes,Reduce edema and pain; if it is on the face or forehead that cannot be washed with cold water,Several towels can be used in turns for wet compresses.
After rinsing, apply scald cream on the wound surface,Generally do not need bandaging,Do not smear other things casually,So as not to cause infection.
If small blisters appear on the wound,Don’t break the blisters,So as not to cause infection; if the blisters are large or broken,It is best to go to the hospital for disinfection.
After emergency treatment, take the child to the hospital for treatment,Especially burns occur on the face, hands, legs, genitals and other parts.
Severely burned children should pay attention to maintaining a supine position on the way to the hospital.Don’t hold it upright,You can drink some light sugar salt water for children,To replenish body fluids,Prevent dehydration.
2. What to do if peeling after scald
Peeling occurs after burns because the burns are not treated in time.Will cause serious injury to the skin surface.Peeling of scalds is a more serious symptom.To deal with and treat in time,If there is no treatment,It will leave scars.It is best to be disinfected with alcohol first,Then use scald cream for treatment,Early treatment will not cause scars,The wound after scald must not touch cold water,It is best to be able to clean with alcohol frequently,Avoid infection.
Pay special attention during skin healing,Don’t let the scalded blisters burst,That will leave scars; then you must be careful not to touch water or wind,Otherwise it’s hard to be good.
When it is about to heal,Maybe the skin will“Skin and flesh”,do not worry,Don’t touch it,After the new meat comes out, use some aloe vera gel,He can activate cells,Let the wound heal faster,It can also help lighten scars.
3. How to remove scars after scalding
When the burn wound just healed,There is still a small amount of secretions and drug scabs,Bacteria are easy to multiply quickly,Plus the skin is thin and tender,The structure and function are not perfect,Prone to infection and rupture.During this period,Can be cleaned with a neutral detergent,After washing, use anti-scarring drugs and other treatments.
Due to the imperfect structure and function of the scar epidermis,The epidermis is more susceptible to damage,Some inappropriate treatments may aggravate the injury.When applying anti-scar drugs,Do not massage excessively,It is not advisable to massage for too long,This will cause the epidermis to separate from the fiber lamina to form blisters or blood blisters,Excessive movement of the joints,It will also cause the epidermis to loosen and separate,Blisters.
The blisters should be drained in time,Avoid infection to form ulcers.Due to various stimuli, the newborn epidermis,Easy to loosen,Formation of blisters,If the blisters are not treated in time,Infection often occurs,Form ulcers.After the blisters appear,The skin can be disinfected with complexed iodine,Cut the blisters with sterile scissors,Lead out the effusion.Generally, anti-scar treatment should be implemented after the blister subsides and the ulcer has healed.
Under the guidance of a specialist,Take comprehensive measures to control scar hyperplasia,Prevent contractures.so far,There is no special method that can completely prevent the growth of scars after burns.Scar prevention is still based on comprehensive treatment.
Dietary contraindications after burns
Patients in the late stage of scald should eat more high-calorie, high-protein,High quality and small size,Foods that are easy to digest and absorb,Increase eggs, fish, meat, etc.
Eat more high-protein foods,Especially drink more foods that are easy to absorb liquid such as crucian fish soup, black fish soup, milk, etc.Conducive to the growth of wound cells,Speed up healing.
Patients with burns should eat more foods with higher zinc content.Such as oysters, herring, shrimp skin, seaweed, fish meal, sesame, peanuts, pork liver, beans, etc.,Can effectively avoid wound infection,Promote wound healing.
Avoid smoking, alcohol and tea after burns.The nicotine in cigarettes constricts blood vessels,It is not conducive to the healing of skin wounds.
There are foods that can help the fire but cannot be eaten,That will only cause the fire poison in the patient’s body to become more vigorous,Common fire-supporting foods are peppers, onions, etc.There are some flatulence foods and crude fiber,Such as leeks, celery, bamboo shoots, pineapple, etc.,These are not suitable for eating,Will affect digestion.
How to prevent children from scalding
Do not let young children play with matches, light open flames, light gas stoves, light oil stoves and burn wood at will.Older children should also teach them the correct way to use and know its dangers.Fences should be installed around coal stoves and electric stoves.Try not to let children set off firecrackers, fireworks and other flammable materials.
Thermos, kettle, hot porridge, hot soup pot should be placed in a safe place where children are not easy to collide.It is safer to use a pressurized hot water bottle,But we should also teach older children the correct way to pour water.Young children are advised not to pour boiling water.When washing your face and bathing, you should put cold water first and then heat the water.So as not to burn children’s hands and feet.When applying a hot water bottle or thermos bottle, close the lid tightly to prevent water leakage.Add a cloth cover or wrap a towel and place it far behind your feet,Do not cling to the limbs of children.
The power sockets and switches in the house should be placed in a high place.Or it is safer to use a pull switch.Household appliances should be placed in places where young children are not easy to reach,Don’t let children touch or play with them; older children should be taught the correct use,Do not touch the appliance with wet hands or wet cloth,Such as electric lights, radios, televisions, etc.,To avoid electric shock and burns.When thundering, people should stay away from electrical appliances 2 meters away.
All chemicals such as acids and alkalis and external medicines should be put in the box and locked.Keep out of the reach of children.The lime pool on the construction site should also be fenced.Educate children not to play with lime.