武汉spa：U.S. and Russia take one step towards renewing the only arms control treaty
U.S. and Russia take one step towards renewing the only arms control treaty
The only remaining arms control treaty between the United States and Russia, the “New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty,” was renewed on the 20th by North Korea for one year.On the same day, Russia agreed that both sides would freeze all nuclear warheads.In exchange for a one-year renewal of the treaty,Received a positive response from the US.
But some Western experts and media are worried,The renewal of the treaty faces difficulties such as how to verify it.They also questioned that US President Donald Trump rushed to renew his contract before the election because of his political self-interest in the re-election campaign.
US State Department spokesperson Morgan Altagus issued a statement that day, saying,”Appreciating” the Russian attitude,The United States “is ready to meet immediately,To reach a verifiable agreement”,”We hope that the Russian side will authorize diplomats to do the same.”
The Russian Foreign Ministry said earlier in the day: “Russia proposes to renew the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty for one year.Willing to work with the US to make a political commitment,During this period, the number of nuclear warheads held by both parties was ‘freeze’.”
Associated Press reported,It is unclear when the two parties will negotiate the renewal and the form of the treaty.
The “New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty” signed in 2010 by then US President Barack Obama and then Russian President Dmitry Medvedev is the only arms control treaty between the two countries.The treaty will expire on February 5 next year,However, the validity of the treaty can be extended for up to 5 years after negotiation between the two countries.
The United States recently proposed to renew the treaty for one year,At the same time, it is required to expand the scope of nuclear warhead restrictions.The original treaty only restricted the strategic nuclear warheads of the United States and Russia.However, the US hopes to restrict warheads installed on battlefield weapons at the same time.The tactical nuclear warhead.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said last week,The US proposal to restrict both tactical and strategic nuclear warheads is unacceptable.Unless the US first withdraws its nuclear warheads from Europe.
Russian President Vladimir Putin last week proposed to extend the treaty unconditionally for at least one year.Robert O’Brien, Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, responded,Any proposal that does not require freezing of nuclear warheads “will not work.”
According to Reuters,The statement made by the Russian Foreign Ministry on the 20th shows that the positions of Russia and the United States are similar.
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Regarding the renewal of the treaty,The representatives of the two countries have held several rounds of negotiations since June this year.But no substantial progress has been made.According to the Associated Press,Trump believes that the treaty is “defective” and “not good for the United States.”It was not until this year that negotiations with Russia on the renewal of the contract began.
Daryl Kimball, executive director of the American Arms Control Association, believes thatThe United States and Russia promised to freeze warheads within one year to be “political binding.”If combined with the one-year renewal of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty,”May be an effective way to build confidence.”Kimball said,”This may be a step in the right direction to temporarily reverse the full arms race”,The United States and Russia therefore have more time to negotiate a new nuclear arms control treaty.
But the media inferred from the respective statements of the United States and Russia,The two countries’ contract renewal negotiations may face the problem of “how to verify each other’s compliance with the freezing commitment”.Lavrov explicitly rejected the verification request made by the US last week.That is, like in the 1990s,Experts from the two countries inspected each other’s missile factories.There is no such provision in the existing treaties.
Former Obama administration official Jon Wolfstar believes thatThe intention of the United States and Russia to negotiate a renewal of the contract is not a breakthrough.The verification method proposed by the Trump administration is stricter,The United States is required to be allowed to track the entire process from the time the Russian warhead leaves the factory.
Frank Rose, another Obama-era official and an analyst at the Brookings Institution in the United States, believes thatSuch an agreement was negotiated within two weeks of the presidential election day on November 3.Facing many important issues,”We should not try to negotiate such an important matter in a hurry.”
The Associated Press noted thatTrump is currently trying many ways to boost his diplomatic performance.Reuters quoted some experts as saying,Trump intends to renew the treaty,Just want to get another “diplomatic achievement” before the election.(Ocean) (Special feature)