武汉茶友论坛：Analysis on the development of new generation UAV equipment in the United States and Russia
Analysis on the development of new generation UAV equipment in the United States and Russia
XQ-58A UAV data map.Source: World Wide Web
With the development of technology,The construction of a new military theory,To meet the needs of future wars,Intelligent combat has become particularly important,Especially in the field of drone combat,With the continuous development of artificial intelligence technology,It will greatly enhance the autonomous combat capability of UAVs.As the two major military powers in the world, the United States and RussiaAttaches great importance to the research and development of UAV equipment.Not long ago, the two sides launched their latest drone equipment,How are they performing?The United States and Russia have always shown a trend of chasing after me in the development of military equipment.What kind of big power game is revealed behind the research and development of UAV equipment?
Air knife,US “XQ-58A” VS Russia “Korsar” UAV
It is said that the US “XQ-58A” is a long-range, high subsonic unmanned aerial vehicle,The length of the machine is 9.1 meter,Wingspan 8.2 meters,Can carry a combat load of 272 kg,The ceiling reaches 13.7 kilometers,Developed by the Air Force Research Laboratory in cooperation with the “Kratos” UAV System Company,The drone is designed based on the “Kratos” low-cost target aircraft design concept.As part of the Air Force Research Laboratory’s low-cost, attractive aircraft technology (LCAAT) portfolio,The goal is to break the trajectory of rising costs of tactical-related aircraft.
The goals of the LCAAT program include designing and building drones faster by developing better design tools.Mature and utilize commercial manufacturing processes to reduce construction time and costs,All “XQ-58A” are defined as drones with low procurement and operating costs,At the same time, it provides the ability to change the rules of the game.According to the U.S. Air Force,By combining unmanned aircraft such as “XQ-58A” with F-35 or F-22,Each manned platform can cover a larger space at a lower cost.
As the new UAVs of the U.S. military advance steadily,Unwilling to lag behind Russia,A related test was also carried out soon afterwards-the “Korsar” tactical drone test,It consists of multiple drones and a control station.The machine weighs 200 kg,Wingspan 6.5 meters,Body length 4.2 meters,The flight range is 120 kilometers,It can fly at an altitude of up to 5100 meters at a speed of 120-150 km/h,The sailing time can reach 10 hours,The drone is also equipped with a 50-horsepower piston engine,The final power unit can provide 70 horsepower.
The drone was independently developed by the Russian United Instrument Manufacturing Company.Positioned as a medium-range reconnaissance drone,Suitable for regional reconnaissance, patrol and observation flights, aerial photography, aerial surveying, environmental monitoring,In addition, the “Korsar” UAV can be used for 24-hour air reconnaissance of ground and water targets.Attack enemy facilities,And deliver materials to designated areas.
As two new drones,The United States and Russia have their own characteristics in the design goals of drones.For the US “XQ-58A”,Its layout is more suitable for long-range cruise,From a local perspective, mobility is relatively limited,It is difficult to conduct intense air combat,Will probably be mainly used for ground attacks,Its main advantage may still be low cost and a certain degree of invisibility.In order to facilitate mass production; the Russian “Korsar” UAV is mainly a medium-range reconnaissance UAV,The high-power engine provides powerful power for it,Its ability to attack the ground is not the core of its design,More is to perform detection tasks.Due to differences in UAV design concepts between the United States and Russia,In the future, these two drones may be used on different battlefields.Play their respective roles.
Drones will innovate in air combat mode
January 3, 2020The U.S. military in Iraq used drones to directly and accurately kill the important Iranian figure Soleimani at the Baghdad airport in Iraq. The MQ-9 drone launched 3 “Hellfire” guided missiles and accurately attacked Soleimani’s convoy.on the spot,At least 8 people died in the entire convoy.In this military operation,Easy to find,UAVs are influencing the future air combat mode,With its high cost performance,Multi-technology guided traction,Accurately kill the enemy’s key targets,And then achieve the purpose of combat,visible,In modern warfare,The role of drones is getting bigger and bigger,May be quietly guiding a new mode of air combat.
September 17, 2016The U.S. forces bombed the Syrian government camp near the Deir ez-Zor airport in eastern Syria,There are F-16 fighters, A-10 attack aircraft and Predator drones participating together,Cooperate with each other, intersperse blows,Give full play to their respective combat advantages,The Pokemon Project of the Defense Advance Research Projects Agency,That is, a human platform in the air carries drones for swarm operations,Has conducted many ground and air experiments,Related technologies are about to become a reality.In the F-35 future combat plan,The U.S. military plans to integrate the drone control system into its cockpit,Let F-35 operate a group of drones to fight side by side,In order to get more weapons and sensors to perform tasks,Form a networked system combat capability.
Future air combat,The most likely mode is the use of drones and manned aircraft.Such a pattern match,Able to perform more dangerous and longer flying missions,Expand the scope of the mission,Effectively reduce costs.Compared with missiles,The advantages of UAVs are reflected in their operational flexibility.Once the missile is launched,It cannot suspend or change its mission during its flight,The drone is still controllable during combat,Future battlefield,The drone may become a bright star,To a certain extent, the existing air strike mode is pushed to a new height.
The game behind the development of UAVs in the United States and Russia
The game between the United States and Russia on the development of drones,On the one hand, it is to improve its modern combat level,Integrate drones into its own joint combat system,In order to better adapt to the requirements of future wars; on the other hand, the US and Russia use changes in military strength to widen the military gap.In order to seek better political demands.
In the new version of the U.S. Army’s “UAV Development Roadmap”,The first goal is to further develop the “joint unmanned air combat system”,This shows that the development of unmanned aerial vehicles fits the U.S. military’s long-term combat concept.The goal of “zero casualties” has always been the highest level pursued by the US military.It is also an external reason for the U.S. military to develop drones.In addition, “network-centric warfare” and “non-contact” combat theories are an important basis and theoretical support for the U.S. military to vigorously develop UAV weapons and equipment.U.S. military experts analyzed that,”Network-centric warfare” and “non-contact warfare” will become the main combat methods in the future battlefield.The detection, surveillance, command, communication, interference and destruction capabilities of the drone itself,It just meets the needs of the U.S. military’s network-centric warfare,Is one of the main attack methods of the US militaryUAVs have become an indispensable main weapon platform for the US military operations.
Russia’s drone technology developed earlier,It is one of the first countries in the world to develop high-altitude long-range strategic drones.With the increasingly prominent role of drone technology on the battlefield,Its influence will cause fundamental changes in future combat theories, combat principles, combat styles, and the structure of armed forces and the military establishment system.In this regard,The Russian army fully realized thatIf you don’t keep up with the development of drones,It will seriously affect the construction and development of the Russian army.The commander-in-chief of the Russian Air Force, General Mikhailov, said in January this year,The Russian Air Force is formulating a new generation of drone development plan,Currently,The Russian military has attached great importance to the development of drones,Will increase investment in the future.The Russian military emphasizes the simultaneous development of new UAVs and a new generation of manned aircraft as an organic system.Driving the development of unmanned aircraft with manned aircraft,Use drones to expand the functions of manned aircraft,Give full play to the overall benefits of the system.
As we all know,The purpose of military struggle is to serve politics,In the final analysis, the arms competition between the United States and Russia in the field of drones is to serve their own political interests.Recently,The United States keeps “withdrawing from the group”,To a large extent aroused the worries of the Russian top,Especially the “Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty” that the United States withdrew and the “Open Skies Treaty” that is withdrawing,Brings serious challenges to international arms control,Makes the relationship between the United States and Russia drop to a freezing point,Difficulty.therefore,The contest between the United States and Russia over intelligent drones,Behind it is one of the epitome of the two countries’ future national strategic considerations.In the future, in addition to the field of drones,Competition for other military equipment may become more intense.(Jiang Tingshuai, Ding Xinxin, Zhang Zixing, Cheng Bohua)