武汉茶友论坛：How does human-computer intelligent interaction change the face of warfare
How does human-computer intelligent interaction change the face of warfare
The new trend of human-computer interaction in the future,Brainwave gestures control the robot.Source: World Wide Web
The future informatization battlefield has great uncertainties and unknowns.Intelligence information is piled up like a mountain, the combat space is complex and diverse, and the situation of the enemy and ourselves is changing rapidly.Can we win the war,Will largely depend on the accuracy, adequacy, timeliness and availability of the intelligence information obtained,That is whether to build an information advantage,And thus obtain comprehensive command and decision-making advantages.In view of the characteristics of military command decision-making in the informationized battlefield,How to research and develop intelligent human-computer interaction technology for military command and decision-making,In order to improve the ability and efficiency of command and decision-making,It has become the focus of research in various countries.
The essence and status quo of human-computer intelligent interaction
Human-computer intelligent interaction technology refers to the use of computer input and output devices,The technology of realizing human-computer dialogue in an effective way.Human-machine intelligent interaction technology includes machines through output or display devices,Provide people with a lot of relevant information, tips, instructions, etc.,And people input relevant information to the machine through input devices,Answer questions and prompts, ask for instructions and other related technologies.It can connect neural signals with electronic signals through electrodes,Achieve communication between the human brain and the computer.foreseeable,With the continuous development of this technology,Computers may even become a medium in the future,To realize the communication between human brains,Also known as telepathy.
Looking at the research status of related technologies at home and abroad,Natural and efficient human-computer interaction technology has become the focus of research in various countries.Some of these new interactive methods have gradually entered the field of military command.Play a significant role.Human-machine dialogue in the current command and decision-making environment,Most of the content is still graphics work closely related to the map.Natural gesture interaction is emerging now,It is to adapt to this kind of operating personnel and command decision-making environment,A new interactive technology for natural and harmonious dialogue.The core technologies of natural gesture interaction include gesture segmentation, gesture analysis and gesture recognition.This technology can recognize human gestures through mathematical algorithms,So that computers understand human behavior,And respond accordingly,Realize human-computer interaction.In addition to natural gesture interaction,Human-computer interaction technology also includes interaction technology based on traditional hardware devices, interaction technology based on voice recognition, interaction technology based on touch, and interaction technology based on eye tracking.A variety of human-computer interaction technologies,In the future, it is possible to play an increasingly important role in intelligent warfare.
Human-machine intelligent interaction system can improve combat efficiency
On the intelligent battlefield,Various battlefield surveillance methods in multi-dimensional spaces such as land, sea, air, space, electricity, magnetism, and the Internet,For example: wireless sensor networks, Internet of Things devices, high-speed computers, etc. will all generate massive amounts of information.therefore,The era of intelligent warfare,Battlefield information will show an explosive growth trend.And the increase in the amount of information on the battlefield,It will lead to an increasing dependence of intelligent warfare on information.
In the current human-machine intelligent interaction system,Massive battlefield situation information,Lack of efficient means of expression,The internal connection between information lacks deep digging,The system cannot intelligently distribute the required information according to the real-time demand of the commander.Commanders have a heavy cognitive burden on the analysis, screening, calculation, and judgment of the battlefield situation.Restrict its subjective initiative,As a result, command and decision-making efficiency is low.In addition,Some scholars once pointed out that “Human-computer intelligent interaction also relies on serial, precise, and single-channel control methods based on ‘pointing’ and ‘buttons’.This kind of interaction is not only unnatural,And the interaction channel is unbalanced,Easy to cause physical fatigue and mental stress,Affect the efficiency and reliability of operations.”
The era of artificial intelligence has given birth to a series of new interaction methods,Voice interaction is currently a relatively mature way of interaction.With the development of machine vision and sensing technology,The human-computer intelligent interaction system can use facial expressions, sight lines, gestures and other characteristic information toJudge the user’s intentions and needs more intelligently,So as to provide users with timely and accurate services.In addition,The human-computer intelligent interaction system can monitor the human’s physical and psychological state in real time based on physiological signals,Give prompt reminders when the commander is low in concentration or fatigued,So as to avoid potential safety hazards.The development of virtual reality and visualization technology,Provides a new immersive information display method,After the battlefield situation information is screened, deeply excavated, and analyzed by the intelligent system,Present to the commander in an immersive way,Even the remote battlefield situation can be copied to the commander in parallel through “holographic projection”,This makes it easier for commanders to perceive and understand the battlefield situation.therefore,The future human-machine intelligent interaction system,It should have an immersive display mode,Able to monitor the physical and psychological state of people in real time,Supports multiple interaction methods such as fusion of voice, facial expressions, sight, gestures, etc.Automatically switch the appropriate interaction channel combination according to the scene,Maximize the interaction efficiency and reduce the cognitive burden for the commander.
Joint decision-making of human-computer intelligent interaction system can promote efficient command
The addition of artificial intelligence will make future intelligent warfare more rapid, complex and changeable.Fighters may be fleeting,Therefore, intelligent warfare must emphasize fighting slow and preemptively.As the command and control response time is greatly compressed,Improve the speed of command and decision-making in the course of operations,It is an inevitable requirement for intelligent combat.
Faced with the characteristics of rapid, complex, changeable and huge amount of data in intelligent warfare,Relying solely on combat personnel to read, analyze, and make decisions about the battlefield situation is no longer in line with the requirements of the times.”Bing is expensive and fast”,Human-computer interaction in command and decision-making is an inevitable trend in the development of intelligent warfare in the future.The command and decision-making of war should give full play to the complementary advantages of man-machine coordination.Establish an efficient and intelligent command and decision-making system.Based on the characteristics of future warfare and the limitations of artificial intelligence,We have reason to believe thatThe command and decision-making of future intelligent warfare should be man-machine coordination and complementary advantages.Human beings are good at activities with high artistic requirements such as induction, reasoning, decision-making, and command.Be proactive, ideological and creative,However, people’s physical and psychological states are easily affected by the environment.Machines are good at search, storage, calculation, optimization and other technically demanding activities.It is precise, fast and repeatable,And compared to humans,Machines can break through physiological limits, eliminate cognitive biases, and provide optimal solutions in complex environments.
current,Based on the human-machine partnership,Innovative man-machine integration concept,Develop “human-machine integration” intelligent equipment,It is the direction of development to enhance combat effectiveness.The role that people’s subjective initiative can play in the process of intelligence is irreplaceable.therefore,People should give full play to the role of “monitor” or “participant” in war operations.on the one hand,The strategy and tactics of intelligent warfare must be designed by people.The commander needs to base on objective facts such as combat objectives, combat targets, and battlefield environment,Reasonable allocation of manned and unmanned combat forces,And determine the timing of operations and specific operations,Simultaneously,In the offensive and defensive changes of action,Flexible use of strategy and tactics,Promote the perfect integration of technology and art.on the other hand,The intersection of artificial intelligence, mechanical engineering, information technology, etc.,Gave birth to new technologies that can enhance human physical fitness and intelligence,Currently based on wearable technology,Some intelligent equipment has achieved physical enhancement functions.Wearable technology realizes the organic integration of combat personnel and intelligent equipment,The advantages of people and the advantages of intelligent equipment are deeply combined and complementary,Virtual and real space are parallel and integrated,Thereby greatly enhancing the effectiveness of combat operations.
Human-computer interaction technology has significant advantages in the era of intelligent warfare.The role played in future wars cannot be ignored,Therefore, it has become a cutting-edge technology that countries are competing to invest in research and development.How will it be used in actual combat in the future,What kind of power will it exert,Let us wait and see!(Wang Qijun, Liu Shuaiyi, Zhang Haoyue, Shen Qiyou)